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Ganglion Cyst


Ganglion Cyst

These are globular sac-like lumps or cysts that are formed from internal degeneration of a tendon. They are often found on the wrist and ankle on the long extensor tendons. Ganglion cysts can be aspirated under local anesthesia.

1. Ganglion cysts are non-cancerous, but how they form is unclear.

2. The fluid within the cysts is somewhat similar to that contained within synovial joints.

3. Draining or surgically removing the cysts treats and may prevent their return.

4. They most commonly occur next to the wrist joints, but they can affect the feet.

These cysts may change in size. They may or may not be painful. These cysts are not cancerous and are not harmful to overall health.

The diagnosis is usually based on the location of the lump and its appearance. They are usually oval or round and may be soft or very firm. Cysts at the base of the finger on the palm side are typically very firm, pea sized nodules that are tender to applied pressure, such as when gripping.


Treatment of Ganglion Cyst

Treatment may often be non-surgical. In many cases, these cysts can simply be observed, especially if they are painless. If the cyst becomes painful, limits activity, or is otherwise unacceptable, several treatment options are available. The use of splints and anti-inflammatory medication can be prescribed in order to decrease pain associated with activities.

An aspiration can be performed to remove the fluid from the cyst and decompress it. If non-surgical options fail to provide relief or if the cyst recurs, surgical alternatives are available. Surgery involves removing the cyst along with a portion of the joint capsule or tendon sheath.

If the cyst is large or if it causes problems e.g. pain, aspiration or removal may be necessary.

Aspiration: The fluid inside a cyst is similar to that which naturally occurs in joints. Removing the fluid may permanently remove the cyst.

Open surgery: A small incision is made and the cyst is removed , together with the stalk.

Treatment time

45 – 60min

Recovery time


Results duration

May last a long time

Treatment price

From €300



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